by RonPurewal Mon Feb 25, 2008 6:18 am
since this problem is about factors and multiples, you can gain considerable insight into it by factoring the polynomials.
(1)
y(3y + 7) = x
-- since y times some integer** is x, it follows that x is a multiple of y.
(** we know that 3y + 7 is an integer, because y is an integer)
sufficient
(2)
x(x - 1) is a multiple of y
-- could mean any of 3 things:
possibility a) x is a multiple of y
possibility b) x - 1 is a multiple of y
possibility c) neither x nor x - 1 is a multiple of y, but together they contain all the prime factors of y (e.g., x = 3, x - 1 = 2, y = 6)
insufficient, because we don't know whether it's possibility (a) or not
there you go (no need to test them together ... thankfully, as that'd be horrendous)